The Huawei ban explained: A complete timeline and everything you need to know
If youâ€™ve been following the tech industry over the past year, you no doubt know that Huawei is in a heap of trouble. Since May of 2019, the Chinese company has been under fire from the Trump administration in the United States, resulting in what is colloquially referred to as the â€œHuawei ban.â€� This ongoing battle has forced Huawei to drastically change its business practices.
If you are curious as to how the Huawei-US ban came to be, the details surrounding the ban, and what it means for Huawei going forward, this is the place to be.
Below, youâ€™ll find all the integral info related to the ban. Weâ€™ve also got some helpful tips specifically related to Huaweiâ€™s smartphones and how the ban affects both current and future handsets.
Editorâ€™s note: This Huawei ban summary is current as of August 2020. Since this is an ongoing situation, we will update it with new content regularly. However, for the most up-to-date info on Huawei, we advise you to check our latest Huawei news articles.
See also:Â US-China trade war: Why every Chinese phone maker should prepare for the worst
Why is Huawei banned? A (very) quick summary
Although this article is an in-depth examination of the Huawei ban, you might be happy with a shortened version of the story. The basic gist is as follows:
- Huawei is one of the largest telecommunications companies in the world. At the start of 2019, the company was expected to become the worldâ€™s largest smartphone manufacturer by the end of that year, stealing the crown from Samsung.
- Despite this success, Huawei has dealt with numerous accusations over the years of shady business practices. It also has been accused â€” although with no hard proof â€” of using its products to spy on other nations, a worrisome thought considering the companyâ€™s close ties to the Chinese government.
- In May 2019, United States President Donald Trump announced that Huawei â€” along with several other Chinese companies â€” was now on something called the Entity List. Companies on this list are unable to do business with any organization that operates in the United States.
- The Huawei ban thus begins, with Huawei suddenly unable to work with companies such as Google, Qualcomm, and Intel, among many others. In the case of Google, this means new Huawei smartphones are no longer able to ship with Google-owned applications pre-installed.
With the Huawei-US ban in effect, the company has had to completely revamp how it creates and releases smartphones. It also faces mounting scrutiny from other nations, many of which rely on Huawei for wireless networking equipment.
Since May 2019, nothing has significantly changed. It appears the Huawei ban will be in effect in perpetuity and the company will need to strategize around it until something changes.
Huawei history: The background info you need
In the grand scheme of things, Huawei is a relatively young company. Ren Zhengfei started Huawei in 1987 after he was discharged from the Peopleâ€™s Liberation Army in China. Zhengfeiâ€™s military history helped Huawei get some of its first big contracts. This is one of the main reasons Huawei is viewed as a de facto branch of the Chinese government.
Huawei has faced scrutiny from the beginning for allegedly stealing intellectual property. In brief, the company would be accused repeatedly over the decades of stealing technology from other companies and then passing it off as its own. There are a few times where this has been proven, such as with a 2003 case filed by Cisco, but there are many other times where accusations didnâ€™t lead to confirmation.
Related:Â Huaweiâ€™s controversial history: The timeline you need to know
In the late 2000s, Huawei was growing at an incredibly fast pace. The company started acquiring other companies to expand its operations. Several times, it attempted to buy non-Chinese companies and the sale would be blocked by regulatory bodies. This happened in the US and UK, among other areas. Each time, the reasoning behind the block would be related to Huaweiâ€™s deep ties to China and the possible security threat that represents.
Eventually, Huawei started making smartphones. Its phones became popular immediately as they were well-designed devices with very reasonable price tags. In 2016, Huawei boasted it would be the worldâ€™s largest smartphone manufacturer within five years. By 2018, it had taken second place ahead of Apple and just behind Samsung. This is a remarkable feat considering Huawei was handicapped by not having any presence in the United States, now the worldâ€™s third-largest market.
Donald Trump, China, and the ongoing trade war
While Huawei was growing at an astounding rate in 2018, all was not well in regards to its home country. Donald Trump started to flex his power as POTUS to combat China and its â€œunfair trade practices,â€� as he called them. This began the still-ongoing US/China trade war.
Although the trade war has a lot to do with politics, tariffs, and international law, it also touches on intellectual property theft. Since Huawei has a reputation as a repeat offender when it comes to IP theft, this put the company in Trumpâ€™s crosshairs.
A major aspect of the US/China trade war is IP theft, something that has dogged Huawei’s reputation for decades.
However, critics at the time noted that a long-term US/China trade war would hurt both countries significantly. Because of this, it was assumed that Trump would try to strongarm deals from China that would be advantageous to the US and then be done with it. This isnâ€™t how things went, though.
Despite the fact that the trade war is associated very closely with Donald Trump, it is actually one of the few moves he has made that has bipartisan support. Democratic presidential hopeful Joe Biden previously declared that he supports active monitoring of trade with China. Recently, he tried to say that he would remove Trumpâ€™s tariffs on Chinese products if elected president, but his staff walked back the statement.
This suggests that even when the day comes when Trump is no longer president, the trade war could still continue.
The Huawei ban begins on May 15, 2019
On May 15, 2019, President Trump issued an executive order that bans the use of telecommunications equipment from foreign firms deemed a national security risk. The order itself doesnâ€™t mention Huawei (or even China) specifically. However, the US Department of Commerce created what it refers to as an â€œEntity Listâ€� related to the order that does contain Huaweiâ€™s name.
Since the order didnâ€™t reference Huawei specifically, its effect on the company and its various lines of business wasnâ€™t totally clear. It appeared the order was mostly directed towards Huaweiâ€™s telecom operations, which would mean its wireless networking equipment, especially those related to 5G.
Trump’s executive order for the Huawei ban left out many crucial details.
The order also didnâ€™t make it clear whether the US government would help carriers pay for the removal of Huawei equipment. It also didnâ€™t clarify any punishments US companies would face if they didnâ€™t comply with the order. In brief, the Huawei ban seemed serious but there were too many unknowns to understand where it would go.
Huawei, in a statement toÂ Android Authority that day, said this: â€œRestricting Huawei from doing business in the US will not make the US more secure or stronger; instead, this will only serve to limit the US to inferior yet more expensive alternatives, leaving the US lagging behind in 5G deployment.â€� Even this statement made it seem like Trumpâ€™s order was only going to apply to Huaweiâ€™s networking gear and not its smartphones or other products.
That all changed a few days later.
Goodbye Google: The Huawei Google ban, explained
On Sunday, May 19, 2019, Google publicly declared that it would be complying with Trumpâ€™s Huawei ban. Interpreting the language of the order, Google determined that the proper course of action would be to cut Huawei off from Googleâ€™s suite of digital products.
This means that Huawei no longer would have access to the very fundamentals of Android smartphones. Gmail, YouTube, Google Drive, and even the Google Play Store itself were now no longer available for Huawei to use on new products.
Related:Â How can Huawei release new phones with Google Apps?
This news sent a shockwave through the tech world. Remember that at this point Huawei is the second-largest smartphone manufacturer globally, and every single one of its phones runs on Android. Without access to Google apps, millions of Huawei smartphone owners were understandably concerned that their phones would suddenly stop working correctly.
When the dust settled, it became clear that Huawei phones certified by Google and launched prior to May 15, 2019, would continue to operate as normal. However, any uncertified phones, tablets, or other products released by Huawei after that date would be Google-less.
Not long after Google made its announcement, other US-based companies followed suit. This included Qualcomm, Intel, Arm, Microsoft, and many more.
Huawei tries to fight back
Huawei wasnâ€™t about to take this lying down. Only a few days after the Huawei-US ban took effect, the company had issued several sternly worded statements declaring its intentions to fight the order. By the end of May, the company had filed a legal motion declaring the ban unconstitutional. Towards the end of June 2019, there was a lawsuit against the US Department of Commerce over the Entity List.
Unfortunately, these legal maneuvers didnâ€™t bear much fruit. After all, an executive order from the US president himself isnâ€™t an easy thing to fight.
Interestingly, US-based companies came out in support of Huawei while simultaneously cutting commercial ties. Even Google declared that â€” if given the opportunity â€” it would want to continue working with Huawei. In addition, tech industry analysts noted that the Huawei ban hurts US-based companies too, because Huawei is such a massive business.
Huawei found out very quickly that it is not easy to overturn an executive order from the US president.
Eventually, China tried to turn the tables by threatening to create its own Entity List. Huawei then upped the ante by accusing the US of cyberattacks and employee harassment. However, the company supplied no evidence to support these accusations and they led nowhere.
By mid-2020, Huawei had apparently accepted its fate. It hasnâ€™t filed any new lawsuits or made any public declarations that itâ€™s still trying to overturn the Huawei ban.
Full Huawei ban gets delays, license system established
Not even a week after Trump issued the executive order that kickstarted the Huawei ban, the US issued a 90-day reprieve of the banâ€™s full effects. This gave Huawei and its clients until August 19, 2019, to make arrangements for the weight of the ban.
As luck would have it, this 90-day reprieve would be extended three consecutive times. By February 2020, Huawei had had nearly a year of living without the full ramifications of the ban. That same month, the US government issued a final 45-day reprieve, allowing the Huawei ban to take full and permanent effect by April 1, 2020. Before that date arrived, Donald Trump signed a law banning rural US carriers from using Huawei equipment.
The US government gave Huawei nearly a year before the ban took full effect. Now, though, all bets are off.
While that was all happening, the US government rolled out a licensing system for US firms that wished to work with Huawei. The government allegedly received 130 applications for licenses but granted none of them. The government stated that licenses would go to companies whose work with Huawei would not pose a security threat. Google â€” which applied for one of these licenses â€” apparently didnâ€™t fall into this category.
As of today, there are no more reprieves and the governmentâ€™s licensing system appears to be dormant. Huawei is officially on its own.
Harmony OS: The alternative to Android
While Huawei is unable to use Google-owned services and products in its phones, that doesnâ€™t mean it canâ€™t use Android itself. Android is an open-source operating system, which means that any person or company can use it for whatever they like without cost. However, many of the integral features of Android that users rely on arenâ€™t included with â€œpureâ€� Android and are actually owned by Google.
Theoretically, Huawei could use Google-less Android to power its smartphones and tablets indefinitely. In the background, though, Huawei had all along been working on a so-called â€œPlan Bâ€� operating system that would act as a fallback should a situation such as this Huawei ban ever come to pass. On August 9, 2019, â€œPlan Bâ€� was launched as Harmony OS.
Related:Â What is Harmony OS? Huaweiâ€™s Android rival explained!
Harmony OS is based on Linux, which is the same open-source platform on which Android is based. This means that Harmony and Android can share compatibilities with one another. Theoretically, if a developer wished to do the work to make it compatible, any Android app can work within Harmony OS.
Originally, Huawei declared it would only use Harmony OS on Internet of Things (IoT) products. This means it would stick with Android for smartphones, which itâ€™s done so far. However, itâ€™s fairly obvious that â€” at some point in the future â€” Harmony OS will become a â€œHuawei OSâ€� that will power pretty much everything it makes. This would free it from ever needing to be concerned about a Huawei-US ban again.
If any company can create a true rival to Android and iOS, it’s Huawei.
Most would think that a new OS going up against Android and iOS is a foolâ€™s errand. However, Huawei is so huge and has so much influence in China that itâ€™s actually totally capable of pulling that off. Keep in mind that, since Harmony OS is based on Linux, itâ€™s also an open-source operating system. This means that other companies can use Harmony OS instead of Android. Itâ€™s not at all out of the realm of possibility that other Chinese smartphone companies will adopt Harmony OS on at least some of their devices.
For now, Huawei smartphones and tablets ship with Android, albeit a version that has no Google products incorporated.
Huawei Mate 30 series launches, first flagships without Google
If youâ€™ll remember, the Huawei ban only affects products released after May 15, 2019. That means Huaweiâ€™s most recent flagship launch before that date â€” the Huawei P30 and P30 Pro, which launched on March 26, 2019 â€” continued to run the full suite of Google apps.
However, Huawei traditionally releases its Mate series â€” its other family of flagship phones â€” in the last half of the year. At first, rumors swirled that Huawei simply would skip the Huawei Mate 30Â Pro launch. Ultimately, though, it went forward with the launch of a flagship phone without any Google apps whatsoever.
The Huawei Mate 30 Pro was the first bonafide flagship from the company to launch without any Google apps.
For the first few months, the phone was only available in China and several other smaller countries. Eventually, it made its way to the West. The phones received stellar reviews (even here atÂ Android Authority), but few publications would recommend consumers buy the device due to its software shortcomings.
Unbelievably, the Mate 30 series still sold exceptionally well. Never underestimate the enormous population of China supporting one of their own. However, outside of China the phone only made it into the hands of die-hard Huawei followers.
A workaround: Huawei repackages older devices
Huawei quickly found a loophole related to the Huawei ban and Googleâ€™s adherence to Trumpâ€™s executive order. The company realized that Google approves Android phones not based on their name or design but only on a few core components â€” most specifically the processor. This means that Huawei could rebrand and repackage a phone that Google approved prior to the ban and resell it without violating the order.
Obviously, this wasnâ€™t a long-term solution to the companyâ€™s woes. Huawei couldnâ€™t perpetually re-release the P30 Pro over and over again, for example. However, that didnâ€™t stop it from doing just that â€” twice. First, it issued two new colorways for the P30 Pro series, which it announced in September 2019. Then in early May 2020, it announced its intention to launch what it called the Huawei P30 Pro New Edition, which added yet another new colorway and lowered the price.
Related:Â Huawei P30 Pro one year later: Is it still worth buying?
Huawei subsidiary Honor also got into the re-release game by rebranding a few of its phones. Ultimately, this was a last-ditch effort to milk every dollar out of the most recently approved phones. Google and the US government made no publicized efforts to stop Huawei from doing this.
Huawei in 2020: A very different environment
Throughout 2019 Huawei probably hoped that the US government would either weaken the ban or remove it entirely. However, by the time 2020 came around, there were no indications that the Huawei ban was going to let up any time soon.
This put the companyâ€™s standing in the smartphone market in serious doubt. If youâ€™ll remember, Huawei originally boasted in 2016 that it would be the worldâ€™s number one smartphone manufacturer by the end of 2020. In early 2019, it was nearly a certainty that it would achieve that goal a full year ahead of schedule. Now, with the Huawei ban, the companyâ€™s long-running string of success was poised to come to a screeching halt.
Without Google apps on its phones, Huawei can’t compete outside of China. In 2020, the company needed to start developing a way to fix that problem.
Although the Mate 30 series had sold well in Huaweiâ€™s native China and made comfortable sales throughout the rest of the world, it was no runaway success. Consumers outside of China simply arenâ€™t ready for a premium smartphone that canâ€™t access the Google Play Store or even popular third-party apps such as Uber.
Huaweiâ€™s answer to this was App Gallery â€” its proprietary Android apps store. Like the Play Store, App Gallery hosts a bunch of Android apps you can install on your phone. Huawei is spending millions on enticing developers to port their apps to App Gallery with varying degrees of success. While App Gallery has certainly come a long way in a short period of time, itâ€™s by no means at all a solid replacement for the Play Store.
These efforts, though, paved the way for Huaweiâ€™s next flagship phone.
Huawei P40 series: Still no Google
On March 26, 2020, Huawei unveiled the Huawei P40, P40 Pro, and P40 Pro Plus. The three phones feature all the flagship hardware one would expect from a P series device, including an absolutely incredible rear camera system.
Related: Huawei P series history: From humble beginnings to photography powerhouse
Of course, none of the phones had Google apps. All the hardware in the world canâ€™t make up for that.
As with the Mate 30 series, the P40 series received great reviews. Once again, though, most publications â€” includingÂ Android Authority â€” advised against buying the phones due to the lack of Google services.
Somehow, Huawei continues being successful
Now, you would think that with things being as they are that Huawei would be struggling to stay afloat. However, not only is Huawei doing okay, but itâ€™s actually doing really well. In fact, just recently it finally made good on its promise and passed Samsung as the number one smartphone manufacturer as assessed by units shipped.
How is this possible? As mentioned before, you should never underestimate the power of 1.4 billion Chinese citizens all backing up their beloved homegrown brand. Also, donâ€™t forget that Huawei doesnâ€™t just make smartphones. It also still supplies networking systems to multiple countries all around the world.
The question is, though, whether or not Huawei can sustain this forever. It might be able to depend on China exclusively for sustainability â€” and even growth â€” for now. But itâ€™s eventually going to need to rekindle its success internationally, too.
Plus, the Huawei ban has far-reaching effects with which the company still needs to contend.
Huawei ban brings the end of Kirin chipsets
Unlike a lot of smartphone manufacturers, Huawei almost exclusively uses its own chipsets in its smartphones and tablets. Its line of Kirin processors are designed by Huawei and then produced by a company called TSMC.
At first, TSMC assured Huawei â€” and the tech industry in general â€” that it would continue to produce Huaweiâ€™s Kirin chipsets. However, it recently rolled back on that declaration, likely because the Huawei ban is now in full effect (i.e. all the extensions are over).
Related:Â Can Huawei survive without its custom Kirin chips?
Without TSMC, Huawei is essentially unable to create Kirin chipsets. It admitted as much when it stated that the upcoming Huawei Mate 40 will be the final smartphone to feature a Kirin processor.
There arenâ€™t many other companies out there that can create processors for Huawei that donâ€™t involve US-based companies or equipment. The only real option is a Chinese firm called MediaTek. As such, itâ€™s very likely weâ€™ll see Huawei flagships (maybe the Huawei P50 Pro?) with MediaTek chips in the future.
2020, 2021, and beyond: Can Huawei survive?
Huawei has had a rocky time since May 15, 2019, to put it mildly. So far, itâ€™s weathered the storm incredibly well. However, how long can it keep the ship afloat with so much stacked against it?
Huawei knows that no matter what the Huawei-US ban canâ€™t touch its Chinese business. Huawei is so beloved in China that the company could become a China-only brand and survive handily for decades. Huawei isnâ€™t the kind of company that would roll over that easily, though.
Related:Â Huawei Mate 40 Pro: Everything we know so far
As far as we can tell, Huawei plans to move forward with its usual plans of releasing two major flagship phones each year as well as other smaller launches whenever itâ€™s appropriate. It canâ€™t use Google apps, but it can still use Android. It canâ€™t use the Play Store, but App Gallery is getting stronger. It canâ€™t make its own processors, but there are other companies that it can buy chips from. In the background, it has an operating system that could break it away from ever needing to depend on a US company again.
The question then becomes whether or not the company can do all this quickly enough to prevent it from losing market share. Also, can it prevent its brand from being tarnished too much by this debacle to win over consumers who simply canâ€™t imagine a phone without Gmail? Time will tell. But Huawei shouldnâ€™t be written off easily â€” itâ€™s already proven it can survive things that many other companies couldnâ€™t.
Do you currently own a Huawei phone?
If you currently own a Huawei or Honor phone, you might have some questions about how the Huawei ban affects you. Below are some frequently asked questions.
Q: Is Huawei spying on me through my phone?
A: Huawei is almost certainly tracking how you use your device, but every smartphone company does this. Smartphone OEMs want to know how often you unlock your phone, how often you charge it, how often you open certain apps, etc., so it can use that info to make better products. However, if you are scared that Huawei is actively monitoring you specifically for nefarious purposes, there has never been any evidence to support this claim.
Q: Is it illegal to own a Huawei device outside of China?
A: Itâ€™s not illegal to own a Huawei device anywhere in the world. The Huawei ban prevents Huawei from working with US-based companies in the creation of its products. It doesnâ€™t apply to consumers who currently own a Huawei product and doesnâ€™t prevent them from buying new ones, either.
Q: Can I legally sell my Huawei device?
A: As long as there are no laws in your location preventing you from selling used phones, youâ€™re free to sell your Huawei device. Trumpâ€™s executive order says nothing about reselling used Huawei products.
Q: Will my phone eventually stop working altogether?
A: You donâ€™t need to worry about this. Although your phone obviously wonâ€™t last forever, Huawei will not â€œbrickâ€� your device. You can continue using it for as long as itâ€™s physically capable.
Q: Will my phone continue to receive Android upgrades and security patches?
A: This is a tricky question. If you own a Google-less Huawei device, youâ€™ll continue to see Android upgrades and security patches as usual. However, if you own a Huawei phone with Google services onboard, the Huawei ban prevents the company from issuing Google-sanctioned updates going forward. Huawei has iterated its commitment to delivering patches and upgrades moving forward in spite of this, but there are no long-term guarantees.
Q: Can I transfer my apps and data from a Huawei phone to another brand?
A: Yes. Many companies offer apps and services that do this for you, including Samsung and OnePlus, for example. Keep in mind that some forms of data and some apps wonâ€™t be available across different devices, but almost all of your data will transfer successfully.
Q: I donâ€™t want to use my Huawei phone anymore and I donâ€™t want to sell it. What should I do?
A: Please recycle your smartphone using the proper methods. This is a great resource for ethically disposing of your used electronics.
Should you avoid buying Huawei phones or other products?
Huawei has already released two major smartphone series since the Huawei-US ban took effect. We fully expect there to be more phones on the way, too. As such, you might be tempted to buy a Huawei phone even though the ban will prevent it from being a â€œnormalâ€� experience.
Here are the answers to some questions you might have about buying a new Huawei device.
Q: Is it even legal to buy a new Huawei phone?
A: Yes, it is perfectly legal to buy new Huawei products of all kinds. The Huawei ban only prevents Huawei from working with US-based companies. This might affect the hows and wheres of buying a Huawei phone, but it has no effect on your purchase or ownership of the device.
Q: Can I still receive texts, make phone calls, take photos, and browse the web on new Huawei phones?
A: Yes, you can do all those things and more. The only difference will be the apps you use to perform those functions will probably be different than the ones you currently use. For example, Google Chrome will not be available on new Huawei phones, so youâ€™ll need to use a different app for browsing the web. Huaweiâ€™s app store (called App Gallery) will have many of the apps you need.
Q: Why canâ€™t I just sideload Google apps?
A: You can sideload Android apps onto Huawei phones and a lot of them will work correctly. However, many prominent apps use something called Google Play Services to function. This Google product wonâ€™t be on new Huawei phones. There are several methods that have been used to successfully sideload Google Play Services on Huawei phones, but these are extremely unofficial, could potentially damage your phone, have no guarantee of working long-term, and potentially leave your device open to security risks.
Q: Does Huaweiâ€™s App Gallery have (insert your favorite app here)?
A: Huawei is spending millions of dollars on convincing app developers to port their products to App Gallery. As such, there are a lot of Android apps already available through App Gallery and more are added every day. You can install App Gallery on your current Android phone and search for the apps you depend on the most, which should help you decide if it can fully replace the Play Store.
Q: Will my Bluetooth headphones, gaming controller, or other accessories work with a Huawei phone?
A: Yes, in almost all cases. Huawei devices still run on Android and Bluetooth is a cross-platform service, so everything should function as you would expect. Obviously, thereâ€™s no way to say every single device will work perfectly, but most everything should work.